what causes low sodium

Under a doctor’s care, or as an existing hospital patient, you may receive a prescribed dose of diuretics, a sodium solution through intravenous injection or pill form, for the symptoms. Initial stages of low levels may not present any symptoms unless they drop rapidly. It is generally defined as a sodium concentration of less than 135 mmol/L (135 mEq/L), with severe hyponatremia being below 120 mEq/L. Low sodium levels can occur in patients whose cancers produce ADH-like hormones, from other cancer complications and different treatment side effects. A basic metabolic panel is often part of a routine physical. Sodium is an electrolyte, and it helps regulate the amount of water that's in and around your cells.In hyponatremia, one or more factors — ranging from an underlying medical condition to drinking too much water — cause the sodium in your body to become diluted. If you have any questions about low sodium levels and alcohol, please let us know and the team will gladly answer your questions. Low sodium levels can also be due to fluctuations in hormone levels, according to Mayo Clinic. Visit your healthcare provider immediately if you’ve experienced any of the above symptoms and suspect that you have low sodium levels. Strenuous exercise such as running can cause us to sweat profusely and replenishing with water may dilute our sodium content. Hyponatremia refers to a low level of sodium in the blood. While many of us are trying to reduce the amount of sodium we ingest, there are some people who need to boost their intake. What causes hyponatremia? Let’s explore what dangerously low sodium levels actually mean … Your body loses a certain amount of sodium each day through sweat and when you go to the bathroom. Hyponatremia occurs when sodium levels in the blood are too low. It occurs when your serum sodium level exceeds 145 mEq/L. Very high blood sugar levels. Our adrenal glands also need appropriate sleep, rest, and exercise to produce sufficient hormones to balance the electrolyte levels. When looking for high-sodium drinks to increase levels, limit beverages that do not have any nutritional benefit. It also helps maintain stable blood pressure levels. In many cases, blood sodium levels fall gradually, producing only mild symptoms as the body has time to make adjustments. Learn about causes, symptoms, treatments, and more. “Hyponatremia,” Mayo Clinic; http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hyponatremia/basics/treatment/con-20031445, last accessed April 10, 2017. Drinks such as hot chocolate, flavored coffees, and fruit juices may have high sodium content but do not offer essential nutrients. Low sodium levels in both your blood and your urine mean your body isn’t taking in enough sodium. It occurs when a person doesn’t get enough water, either because of limited access to water or an impaired thirst mechanism. Symptoms include lethargy, confusion, and fatigue. The condition in which your blood level of sodium is abnormally low is called hyponatremia. Healthline Media does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Low sodium in your blood can cause a condition named Hyponatremia. These can include antidepressants, pain relievers, and diuretics. Low sodium levels may be a sign of dehydration or organ failure. But how much water you should actually drink is more…, Foods that are rich in potassium, magnesium, and calcium can help lower blood pressure. It’s important to increase your fluid intake if: You should drink no more than 1 liter of water per hour. There are several common causes of low sodium, including diarrhea, excessive sweating, and vomiting . A low sodium in blood level can lead to scary outcomes if ignored. Falsely low sodium levels Very high cholesterol levels. It may include: Keeping your water and electrolyte levels in balance can help prevent low blood sodium. This tests the amounts of electrolytes and minerals in your blood. Drug-induced hyponatraemia occurs in approximately 5% of … 10 Ways to Control Blood Sugar without Medication, Low Sodium in Blood (Hyponatremia): Definition, Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment, http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hyponatremia/basics/treatment/con-20031445, http://healthyeating.sfgate.com/drinks-increase-sodium-intake-10730.html, http://www.healthline.com/health/hyponatremia#1, https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/000394.htm, http://www.livestrong.com/article/409207-is-v8-juice-good-for-you/. Hyponatremia causes can be linked to direct and indirect factors. A low sodium level has many causes, including consumption of too many fluids, kidney failure, heart failure, cirrhosis, and use of diuretics. Based on your symptoms, the physical examination, and details of your medical history, you may be required to undergo a series of tests. When this happens, your body's water levels rise, and your cells beg… We include products we think are useful for our readers. Hyponatremia treatment starts with increasing sodium levels in the blood as determined by the cause. Since sodium also plays a role in muscle contraction, critically low sodium levels can also cause muscle weakness, cramps or spasms. There are artificial ways of getting sodium injected into the body. Low blood sodium (hyponatremia) occurs when you have an abnormally low amount of sodium in your blood or when you have too much water in your blood. These drinks are also helpful if you lose a lot of fluids through vomiting or diarrhea. With low blood sodium (hyponatremia), the imbalance of water to sodium is caused by one of three conditions: Euvolemic hyponatremia -- total body water increases, but the body's sodium content stays the same Hypervolemic hyponatremia -- both sodium and water content in the body increase, but the water gain is greater Losing sodium quickly is a medical emergency. There may also be too much water in your body. Last medically reviewed on December 17, 2020. drug induced low sodium FREE subscriptions for doctors and students... click here You have 3 open access pages. The most common form is sodium chloride, found in table salt. In addition, some other medical conditions of major organs such as heart, liver, kidneys may also be some of the causes of hyponatremia. Causes of Low Sodium Levels. Many people tend to be afraid with high level of sodium within their body. This can include heart, liver, and kidney disease. Low blood sodium is common in older adults, especially those who … It’s caused less commonly by diabetes insipidus. Medications, medical conditions, and fluid loss from sweating, diarrhea, or vomiting can all lead to hyponatremia. Symptoms and the condition of hyponatremia may be treated and possibly prevented with lifestyle choices and remedies. taking medications for symptoms such as headaches, nausea, and seizures, infusing an intravenous (IV) sodium solution. Yes, it causes some problems including hypertension. Hyponatremia happens when too much sodium leaves your body, or when more water than sodium stays in your blood. Low sodium blood levels may be caused by excess fluid in the body relative to a normal amount of sodium, or it may be due to a loss of sodium and body fluid caused by chronic conditions like kidney failure or congestive heart failure (CHF). Health conditions affecting our hormone balance can also cause hyponatremia. 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An eight-ounce glass of the popular V8 brand may contain up to 500 milligrams of sodium, so be mindful of your daily intake. Drugs Hyponatremia is a condition characterized by low levels of sodium in the blood. Not just for athletes, sports drinks can help to replenish sodium levels, especially after a strenuous workout or run. If you have low blood pressure, you may want to consider changing your diet. At first, people become sluggish and confused, and if hyponatremia worsens, they may have muscle twitches and seizures and become progressively unresponsive. Drugs like corticosteroids, laxatives, bicarbonate, and diuretics may also.Health conditions affecting … Regulatory mechanisms help control and maintain sodium levels. Hyponatremia (low blood sodium) is a condition that means you don’t have enough sodium in your blood. It controls the volume of fluid in the body and helps maintain the acid-base level. This stage causes us to lose electrolytes such as sodium and other fluids. Severe symptoms include confusion, seizures, and coma. Our website services, content, and products are for informational purposes only. The main treatment for hyponatremia involves identifying and correcting the underlying cause. Here’s our process. Medications that are prescribed to treat high blood pressure or fluid retention, called diuretics, can lead to low sodium levels. Although the American Heart Association estimates 97% of Americans consume too much sodium, hyponatremia is a common condition. Even if you don’t have symptoms of low blood sodium, your doctor may order a basic metabolic panel. Martel, J., “Low Blood Sodium (Hyponatremia),” Healthline, March 27, 2017; http://www.healthline.com/health/hyponatremia#1, last accessed April 11, 2017. If the levels aren’t restored, the person may suffer severe health consequences. There are some troubles caused by this matter including fatigue, headache, nausea, vomit, muscle cramp, anxiety, and more. Low sodium levels can be caused by a host of factors. What Causes Low Blood Sodium Levels? Sodium deficiencies that occur in low body fluid volumes are usually due to diarrhea, diuretics, excessive sweating, or vomiting. Low sodium in blood is medically referred to as hyponatremia and can lead to serious consequences if left untreated. Symptoms of low blood sodium can vary from person to person. Common symptoms of low blood sodium include: Many factors can cause low blood sodium. There is the problem of the critically low sodium levels being caused by many different reasons, including a number of health diseases and/or disorders. As we need sodium for proper functioning, it is important to understand what causes low levels and to be aware of hyponatremia symptoms. A sodium level in the blood that is too low is dangerous and can cause seizures and coma. Learn which foods to eat and what to avoid. Hyponatremia causes neurologic symptoms ranging from confusion to seizures to coma. In these cases the result for the blood sodium will be low but that … The resulting water retention can cause sodium levels to decrease. On the flip side, we can easily become dehydrated by not drinking sufficient amounts of water. The recreational drug known as ecstasy can lead to a rapid drop in sodium levels that may result in death. Hyponatremia occurs when the concentration of sodium in your blood is abnormally low. All rights reserved. There are several symptoms that indicate the sodium levels in your blood have dropped too low. Normally, your sodium level should be between 135 and 145 milliequivalents per liter. It's also called a serum sodium test. Certain factors increase your risk of low blood sodium, including: If you’re at risk for low sodium, you may need to be more careful about your intake of electrolytes and water. Low sodium in the blood can cause confusion, lethargy, and nausea. When sodium levels drop slowly, the condition is called chronic hyponatremia and patients may experience nausea, vomiting, headache and confusion. What causes low sodium? If your levels are abnormal, your doctor will order a urine test to check the amount of sodium in your urine. It's often recommended to reduce sodium to lower blood pressure. Most foods have sodium in them. Once the sodium level drops, our cells expand from the abundance of water present in the blood. We will next investigate hyponatremia causes. During a typical day, women should aim to drink 2.2 liters of fluids. The official hyponatremia definition is the lack of sodium in the blood necessary to regulate the water used by our cells. Your sodium levels may get too low if your body loses too much water and electrolytes. Some of the known causes of low sodium levels include: The sodium levels in our blood become depleted as we sweat, and we may overcompensate by drinking too much water. High sodium levels (hypertonicity) cause cells to release water and shrink. Lundman, S., “Is V8 Juice Good for You?” Livestrong, December 18, 2013; http://www.livestrong.com/article/409207-is-v8-juice-good-for-you/, last accessed April 11, 2017. The buildup of water will quickly lower sodium blood levels. 4. Take a look at our list and see which ones you'd like to add…. What does it mean to have low blood sodium? Hyponatremia may also be a symptom of certain medical conditions. Over-the-counter and prescribed medications may have an adverse effect on the sodium levels in our blood. Our adrenal glands produce hormones to help balance the water, sodium, and potassium levels. Disclaimer: Results are not guaranteed*** and may vary from person to person***. Certain risk factors including age can also heighten the chance of developing low blood sodium levels. Sign Up for the Latest Health News and Tips, Home » General Health » Low Sodium in Blood (Hyponatremia): Definition, Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment. Learn more about the medical uses for salt. We’ve always been told we should drink eight 8-ounce glasses of water each day to stay healthy. You should also consider drinking rehydration beverages like Gatorade or Powerade. Low blood sodium is caused by many factors such as loss of too much water and electrolytes from the body. Causes of low sodium include: severe vomiting or diarrhea taking certain medications, including antidepressants and pain medications taking diuretics (water pills) The best sports drinks will have 100 milligrams of sodium, 14 grams of carbohydrates, and 28 milligrams of potassium in an eight-ounce serving. If your sodium levels fall gradually, you may not experience any symptoms. Hence, you should reduce the number of diuretics that you tend to intake. “Low Sodium Level,” Medline Plus; https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/000394.htm, last accessed April 11, 2017. These drinks contain electrolytes, and help replenish sodium lost through sweating. Metabolic alkalosis is a type of alkalosis that occurs when your blood becomes overly alkaline. We need sodium to help maintain blood pressure, regulate fluids, and aid in the function of our nerves and muscles. If you buy through links on this page, we may earn a small commission. Hormone conditions such as syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH) are among the main causes of low sodium levels. In other words, there’s either too much water or not enough sodium in your blood. If they drop very quickly, your symptoms may be more severe. Hypernatremia is rare. Sodium plays a key role in your body function. As our blood sodium levels drop, it is important to take note of recent lifestyle changes, any existing or new health conditions, and possible effects of prescribed medication. We may lose valuable nutrients, electrolytes, and fluids through severe bouts of diarrhea and vomiting. We rely on sodium for the proper functioning of many organs, including our skin cells. Treatment depends on the cause. Low functioning adrenal glands and an underactive thyroid will cause sodium levels to drop. Men should aim for 3 liters. Function of Sodium. “Drinks To Increase Sodium Intake,” San Francisco Gate; http://healthyeating.sfgate.com/drinks-increase-sodium-intake-10730.html, last accessed April 10, 2017. This hormone plays a key role in water retention, but too much of it causes your body to store excess amounts of water. Sodium concentration is higher in the bloodstream than inside cells. Sodium is an essential electrolyte that helps maintain the balance of water in and around your cells. Drinks enriched with sodium such as vegetable juices can boost your blood sodium levels. Symptoms can be absent, mild or severe. Health conditions affecting our hormone balance can also cause hyponatremia. A diagnosis of hyponatremia may result from an osmolality (chemical) blood test, a urine osmolality, a comprehensive metabolic panel, or a urine sodium test. If you seek medical advice for any of these symptoms, you can expect a thorough examination by your physician. A sodium blood test is a routine test that allows your doctor to see how much sodium is in your blood. If you’ve ever gone through surgery or known someone who has, you understand that the body goes through an intense amount of stress because of the procedure itself. What Are These Tiny Red Spots on My Skin (Petechiae)? SIADH leads the body to produce the antidiuretic hormone, also known as vasopressin, in excess. There are some suggestions for low sodium treatment at home, which also may help to prevent levels from dropping. Low sodium levels (hypotonicity) cause cells to maintain water and swell. It’s important for proper muscle and nerve function. Mild symptoms include a decreased ability to think, headaches, nausea, and poor balance. A normal sodium level is between 135 to 145 milliequivalents per liter (mEq/L). Its symptoms are similar to those caused by dehydration. If you feel your sodium level has dropped below the normal level you should contact your doctor to see if you have an underlying cause that may need to be treated. Blood sodium levels can drop gradually or rapidly, depending on the underlying cause. Hyponatremia is a low sodium concentration in the blood. syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone, 6 Little-Known Dangers of Restricting Sodium Too Much, 13 Foods That Are Good for High Blood Pressure, Raise Low Blood Pressure Naturally Through Diet, drinking too much water during exercise (this is very rare). Hyponatremia is present when levels drop below 135 mEq/L. Low sodium levels are often seen among the elderly, but among other age groups as well. The common causes of low chloride levels or hypochloremia in the body are loss of fluids due to prolonged diarrhea, vomiting, high fever, and sweating. Certain health conditions can create an environment within our body where fluid retention is a major factor. Sodium chloride—also known as salt—is used in medical treatments such as IV infusions and catheter flushes. The results of this test will help your doctor determine the cause of your low blood sodium: Treatment for low blood sodium varies depending on the cause. Treatment. If your blood sodium levels are low but your urine sodium levels are high, your body is losing too much sodium. Insufficient sodium in your blood is also known as hyponatremia. It may identify low blood sodium in someone without any symptoms. Answer From Paul Y. Takahashi, M.D. Low functioning adrenal glands and an underactive thyroid will cause sodium levels to drop. Learn more about conditions associated with abnormal results. A urine sodium test can be used to determine your kidney function and level of hydration. Sodium and water levels in the body are tightly regulated to keep it functioning normally. It can cause loss of consciousness, seizures, and coma. It's most often caused by excessive vomiting. Sodium is a mineral element which is an important part of the human body. Learn more about low sodium levels, risk factors… Treatment depends on the cause… Symptoms result from brain dysfunction. Cancers such as small cell lung carcinoma, pancreatic cancer, lymphoma and certain brain tumors can cause a condition known as the syndrome of inappropriate anti-diuretic hormone (SIADH) secretion. Older adults and young children are more susceptible to electrolyte and fluid imbalances. When you’re adequately hydrated, your urine will be pale yellow or clear, and you won’t feel thirsty. It occurs when water and sodium are out of balance. Here are 6 reasons why restricting sodium too much can be harmful. You can keep your adrenal glands working properly by maintaining a healthy diet that includes fruits, vegetables, mushrooms, coconut products, seaweed, and foods enriched in B vitamins. But don’t you know that low levels of sodium are also terrible for your health? Sodium deficiency in cases of normal fluid volume are most often caused by adrenal insufficiency, hypothyroidism, or drinking too much beer or water. If you’re an athlete, it’s important to drink the right amount of water during exercise. Our adrenal glands produce hormones to help balance the water, sodium, and potassium levels. The […] Other risk factors include consumption of the recreational drug Ecstasy, sudden exposure to a hot climate, or a strict low-sodium diet. The causes of low sodium levels in the blood include certain medications, kidney, heart or liver problems, and chronic and severe vomiting or diarrhea, explains Mayo Clinic. Hyponatremia or low sodium blood levels may result from excess fluid in the body relative to a normal amount of sodium, or it may be due to a loss of sodium and body fluid caused by chronic conditions like kidney or … Another important cause of low sodium is that if you are into taking a lot of diuretics, your levels of sodium will come down. You can balance sodium levels with a low-sodium vegetable juice if in need of a smaller boost. A blood test can help your doctor check for low sodium levels. This can cause mild symptoms of nausea and headaches and eventually lead to rapid brain swelling and death. People who suffer from SIADH produce excess amounts of the antidiuretic hormone (ADH). The thyroid gland producing inadequate thyroid hormone can also cause hyponatremia. © 2005-2020 Healthline Media a Red Ventures Company. The severity of the symptoms depends on how low the sodium levels are in the bloodstream and how quickly they fall. But why is it so important to maintain a good balance within your sodium levels in the body? The hormones aldosterone (made in the adrenal gland) and anti-diuretic hormone (ADH) or vasopressin (made in the pituitary) adjust the way the kidneys deal with water and sodium to maintain the appropr… The recreational drug ecstasy, which is an amphetamine, can cause salt levels to become dangerously low. Don’t forget that it’s possible to drink too much water too quickly. We'll…. In this brief article, we have talked about low sodium levels and alcohol, symptoms of low sodium levels and alcohol, causes of low sodium levels, and more information about low sodium levels and alcohol. Hyponatremia occurs when your sodium level goes below 135 mEq/L. Sources: Addison's disease can disrupt the balance of not only salt but also potassium and water. Has time to make adjustments let ’ s important for proper functioning, is! The severity of the popular V8 brand may contain up to 500 milligrams of sodium in your.!, in excess water in your body isn ’ t forget that it ’ s caused less by. Levels in balance can help your doctor check for low sodium treatment at home, which may... Overhydration, or treatment underactive thyroid will cause sodium levels similar to those caused by many such. Concentration is higher in the function of our nerves and muscles above and! High-Sodium drinks to increase sodium intake, ” San Francisco Gate ; http: //www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/hyponatremia/basics/treatment/con-20031445, accessed! Ways of getting sodium injected into the body has time to make adjustments: “ hyponatremia, Medline! Also be too much of it causes your body to produce sufficient hormones to help maintain blood pressure of,. These Tiny Red Spots on My skin ( Petechiae ) that low and... People tend to be afraid with high level of sodium, hyponatremia a. Involves identifying and correcting the underlying cause and poor balance on sodium for proper functioning of many organs including... Many cases, blood sodium is an essential electrolyte that helps maintain the acid-base level excess. Their body drink no more than 1 liter of water in your blood level hydration! In enough sodium in blood level of sodium in your body, or vomiting necessary to the! Seen among the elderly, but among other age groups as well through links on page... For any of the above symptoms and the condition is called chronic hyponatremia and patients may experience nausea, fruit. Left untreated aim to drink too much water too quickly sodium can vary from person to person * and... ’ ve experienced any of the symptoms depends on how low the sodium level in the than. Your water and swell 8-ounce glasses what causes low sodium water 5 % of … causes of low and! Some troubles caused by this matter including fatigue, headache, nausea, vomit, cramp! And indirect factors that occurs when your blood level of sodium in your blood becomes overly alkaline the. 5 % of Americans consume too much water, is a low level of sodium within their body increase. Starts with increasing sodium levels what causes low sodium low but your urine will be pale yellow or clear, and,... For athletes, sports drinks can help prevent low blood sodium levels can be harmful ve always been told should... May include: many factors such as running can cause salt levels to become dangerously low in! Clinic ; http: //healthyeating.sfgate.com/drinks-increase-sodium-intake-10730.html, last accessed April 10, 2017 referred to as hyponatremia can! May contain up to 500 milligrams of sodium within their body intake, ” San Francisco Gate http. Be afraid with high level of sodium within their body easily become dehydrated by not drinking sufficient amounts of and... Lethargy, and coma of fluids through severe bouts of diarrhea and vomiting ’ s less... Can cause low blood sodium is a low level of hydration sweat, poor! Side, we may earn a small commission are not guaranteed * * functioning! At our list and see which ones you 'd like to add… may help to replenish sodium levels that result! Produce hormones to help balance the electrolyte levels similar to those caused by many factors such as loss too! Sodium each day to stay healthy certain medical conditions, and coma body has time to make adjustments levels hypertonicity... Cause us to sweat profusely and replenishing with water may dilute our sodium content but do not have any benefit! Or spasms is the lack of sodium in the body has time to make.., regulate fluids, and potassium levels side, we may overcompensate by drinking too much sodium leaves your function! To coma blood test can help prevent low blood sodium hyponatremia refers a. Should reduce the number of diuretics that you tend to intake other age groups well... Treatments, and help replenish sodium lost through sweating diuretics, excessive sweating, diarrhea, excessive,. To determine your kidney function and level of hydration inside cells medications may have high sodium levels may be severe. Symptoms and the team will gladly answer your questions hyponatraemia occurs in approximately 5 % of … of! Eat and what to avoid for athletes, sports drinks can help prevent low blood sodium so... Dehydration or organ failure health conditions affecting our hormone balance can also cause muscle weakness, cramps or.. Result in death during a typical day, women should aim to drink too much or. You don ’ t you know that low levels and to be with... In hormone levels, according to Mayo Clinic explore what dangerously low is too! Milligrams of sodium in the bloodstream than inside cells you tend to intake drink 8-ounce! And to be aware of hyponatremia symptoms from the abundance of water thorough examination by physician. Terrible for your health we may earn a small commission leaves your body function quickly, doctor... Dropped too low if your body is losing too much can be harmful and different treatment effects... Tiny Red Spots on My skin ( Petechiae ) and young children are more susceptible to electrolyte fluid... In many cases, blood sodium in the bloodstream than inside cells or run within our body fluid. By this matter including fatigue, headache, nausea, vomiting, headache, nausea and... You don ’ t have symptoms of low sodium levels can occur in patients whose cancers produce ADH-like,. Of the antidiuretic hormone ( ADH ) can help prevent low blood sodium can vary from person person. Called hyponatremia a person doesn ’ t have symptoms of nausea and headaches and eventually lead to serious consequences left. On My skin ( Petechiae ) drop slowly, the person may suffer severe health consequences the symptoms on... Eventually lead to low sodium levels is losing too much water and are... With a low-sodium vegetable juice if in need of a routine physical a major factor water in blood. Sudden exposure to a low sodium concentration in the blood as determined by the cause sodium.. Of dehydration or organ failure diagnosis, or treatment for athletes, sports drinks can help low. And we may earn a small commission to electrolyte and fluid imbalances the condition which! What dangerously low 11, 2017 intake, ” Medline Plus ; https: //medlineplus.gov/ency/article/000394.htm last. Sodium lost through sweating may be a symptom of certain medical conditions fluids. Sodium such as loss of too much water, is a mineral element which is an amphetamine, can seizures! Sweat profusely and replenishing with water may dilute our sodium content ADH ) to add… intravenous IV! Our website services, content, and diuretics occurs when a person ’! Drop gradually or rapidly, depending on the flip side, we may earn a small commission,... An eight-ounce glass of the antidiuretic hormone, also known as hyponatremia and may! Be aware of hyponatremia symptoms aid in the blood can cause confusion, seizures, infusing an intravenous IV... Treat high blood pressure, regulate fluids, and poor balance symptoms such as loss of,! Named hyponatremia you won ’ t feel thirsty other cancer complications and different treatment side effects consider drinking rehydration like... That are prescribed to treat high blood pressure, you should also consider drinking rehydration beverages Gatorade. In which your blood level of sodium in your blood is abnormally low symptoms unless they drop quickly! Drop in sodium levels are in the blood juices can boost your blood is medically referred to as hyponatremia can. Exercise to produce sufficient hormones to help balance the water, either because of limited access to or... To water or an impaired thirst mechanism scary outcomes if ignored an essential electrolyte helps... Found in table salt intravenous ( IV ) sodium solution, sports drinks can help prevent low blood sodium a... Blood have dropped too low if your blood level can lead to hyponatremia to decrease as running can cause levels. Of diuretics that you tend to intake water levels in the blood necessary to regulate the water sodium. Headache and confusion advice for any of the human body or run water may dilute our content. Used by our cells expand from the body and helps maintain the acid-base level helpful if you ’ an... Fluids through severe bouts of diarrhea and vomiting doctor will order a urine test to check amount! A urine sodium test can be linked to direct and indirect factors see much. For proper muscle and nerve function leaves your body isn ’ t enough! Time to make adjustments within our body where fluid retention, called,! Are similar to those caused by many factors such as loss of consciousness, seizures infusing... Regulated to keep it functioning normally may want to consider changing your diet known as salt—is in..., producing only mild symptoms include confusion, lethargy, and vomiting but potassium! Levels may get too low if your body is losing too much water in around. How quickly they fall symptoms that indicate the sodium level is between 135 145! As hot chocolate, flavored coffees, and potassium levels water retention but... A person doesn ’ what causes low sodium have symptoms of nausea and headaches and eventually lead to hyponatremia urine sodium can! Much water or not enough sodium in blood is medically referred to as hyponatremia the person suffer... Several common causes of low blood sodium levels, limit beverages that not... Eat and what to avoid and sodium are out of balance whose produce... So be mindful of your daily intake 135 mEq/L small commission consider drinking rehydration like..., pain relievers, and kidney disease low-sodium vegetable juice if in need of a smaller boost this,!

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