german army organization ww2

Reorganization of the German Army, 1914-1918. Additionally in some cases there were also cavalry, engineer and medical units attached. These either are combined as components of battalions, regiments, and divisions, or temporarily grouped in varying combinations as components of task forces or combat groups. RESEARCH THEMES. In March 1939 the operational control of the Armed Forces was unified under the Oberkommando der Wehrmacht (OKW) whose chief was Generaloberst (Colonel-General) Keitel. 4 light motorized infantry divisions, OUR RESEARCH THEMES Select Theme. Welle) Infanterie-Division (2. Check your inbox or spam folder to confirm your subscription. When World War II began, the entire Heer was split into two separate parts. Organizations. Jun 27, 2014 - Infantry Battalion Organization | 1939 infantry division 1 1944 infantry division 1 .. For the attack on Russia, the Wehrmacht deployed By 1914, the German Army was organized into established Army Corps, most of which were commanded by the Prussian Army. of all German armed forces. Sächsische 24. Note that each of the four corps contained a different number of divisions. Germany not only had to admit its guilt for causing the war, but also lost much territory while its forces were greatly reduced. In addition, by the Western campaign in May 1940, the number of tank divisions had doubled to 10, mainly by converting a number of Light Divisions. The Reichswehr's visual acknowledgement of the new National Socialist reality came on 17 February 1934, when the Defense Ministry ordered the Nazi Party eagle-and-swastika, now Germany's National Emblem, to be worn on uniform blouses and headgear effective 1 May. of all German armed forces. For smaller units, see List of German corps in World War II and List of German divisions in World War II. List of German corps in World War II. Intro – Distribution of Men. Even in the Blitzkrieg there was still room for the cavalry, because on 25 October 1939 the brigade was renamed to the 1st cavalry division and strengthened in December with the 2nd cavalry brigade. The original Light Divisions set up in 1937 and 1938 were motorized cavalry formations that varied in their organization. The German Army, like the U.S. Army, believes in uniform organization for standard units up to and including companies, troops, and batteries. At the time of the mobilization on 26 August 1939, the German army had 51 divisions: 35 infantry divisions, 4 motorized infantry divisions, 5 Panzer (tank) divisions and one tank brigade, 4 light divisions and 3 mountain divisions. Later, however, it became an integral part of the infantry divisions of the first wave. 3rd Mountain Division 4. See also. Until the start of Operation Barbarossa, the attack on Soviet Russia, the organization of the German divisions was identical to that of the Western campaign in 1940. The German Army which was built up under the Nazi regime and which challenged the world in 1939 was the final product of this study. 3 mountain divisions and German military organization in World War II. An infantry division consisted of three infantry regiments (approx. In the Wehrmacht, the Abteilung was a formation of varying strength, somewhere between a regiment, battery or squadron. 50. The firepower of the regiment consisted of: The 7.65mm Walther was issued only to higher ranking officers. Most of the heavy anti-aircraft batteries were under the command of the Luftwaffe, but were assigned to the army for special tasks. My name is Norman 'Kretaner' and since my childhood I am interested in history and strategy games. Its chief was Colonel General Keitel. 32". After the campaign, however, they lost their third infantry regiment, as these formed additional tank divisions. The division was equipped with a combination of Panzer I and Panzer II light tanks, armed only with machine guns or a 2-cm fast-fire cannon, Czech Panzer 35(t) and Panzer 38(t) and some modern Panzer III and Panzer IV medium tanks. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. In theory, the OKW was only Hitler's military office, was charged with translating Hitler's ideas into military orders, and had little real control … Note that each of the four corps contained a different number of divisions. Development of the number of divisions up to 1941, German Orders of Battle for September 1, 1939, German Orders of Battle for the campaign in the West, May 1940, German Orders of Battle – Operation Barbarossa, 1st SS Panzer Division Leibstandarte-SS-Adolf Hitler, 9th SS Hohenstaufen from Arnhem to the end, Finnish Armed Forces in the Winter War 1939-40, German Orders of Battle – Battle of France, German Orders of Battle – Kursk July 1943, German Orders of Battle at the armistice with France, Luftwaffe and German Airborne Forces May 1940, Luftwaffe Orders of Battle September 1942, Luftwaffe Orders of Battle September 2, 1939. In theory, it served as the military general staff for Adolf Hitler's Third Reich, coordinating the efforts of the German Army (Heer), Navy (Kriegsmarine), and Air Force (Luftwaffe). The Higher Headquarters parts cover the Army Group, Armies, and the various Corps. Army Group Upper Rhine (Heeresgruppe Oberrhein) Army Group Vistula (Heeresgruppe Weichsel) Notes. The management of the Army was the responsibility of the Army High Command, the Oberkommando des Heeres (OKH), which included the General Staff although it was the Supreme … Jun 27, 2014 - Infantry Battalion Organization | 1939 infantry division 1 1944 infantry division 1 .. One of the most important and fundamental aspects of WWII German organizationwas the concept of the Wehrkries, or Corps Area. The following article on the German Army WW2 is an excerpt from Barrett Tillman’ D-Day Encyclopedia. Welle) Infanterie-Division (5. During the Polish campaign there were four motorized infantry divisions, each consisting of three infantry regiments and one motorized artillery regiment. Approximate organization strength of the major types of the German Army divisions in 1939: Approximate organization strength of the major types of the German Army divisions in 1941: Here to Germany Army Unit Organisation 1942-45. German Army Handbook, April 1918, introduction by David Nash, published by Arms and Armour Press, London, 1977 ; Stormtroop Tactics, Innovation in the German Army, 1914-1918, by Bruce I. Gudmundsson, published by Praeger Publishers, 1989 ; Imperial German Army 1914-1918, Organization, Structure, Orders of Battle, by Herman Crom, Heilion & Company, 2002 These either are combined as components of battalions, regiments, and divisions, or temporarily grouped in varying combinations as components of task forces or combat groups. At the start of the war, army communications The German Army (German: Deutsches Heer) is the land component of the armed forces of Germany.The present-day German Army was founded in 1955 as part of the newly formed West German Bundeswehr together with the Marine (German Navy) and the Luftwaffe (German Air Force). Later, I have learned programming and the development of computer games, and finally with the Internet, also web design. Jun 27, 2014 - Infantry Battalion Organization | 1939 infantry division 1 1944 infantry division 1. Subscribe to our newsletter with the latest reports from the war diaries and about World War I & II. Major units above corps level are listed here. In addition to division artillery, which could differ in equipment and organization in each division, armies and corps also had their own additional batteries of medium and heavy artillery. The division was disbanded in 1919 during the demobilization of the German Army after World War I. The German Army (German: Heer, German: (), lit. Saved from wwiivehicles.com. There was an HQ and HQ company, three rifle companies (which in turn contained three rifle platoons and one heavy weapons platoon), a heavy weapons company, a medical section and service trains (i.e. The motorized infantry divisions were supposed to keep pace with the fast advancing tank divisions and were therefore completely equipped with motor vehicles. Its chief was Colonel General Keitel. Welle) Infanterie-Division (3. The units, formations, and organizations of the Nazi German Army. The Oberkommando der Wehrmacht or OKW (Wehrmacht High Command, Armed Forces High Command) was part of the command structure of the German armed forces during World War II. It is designed so that the interested reader can select those volumes of interest to him without having to purchase an entire, very expensive book. The Medium Artillery section was originally not a division unit, which was only made available to the artillery regiment. The organization and conduct of such Kampfgruppen (battle groups) was so impressive that NATO commanders studied them during the Cold War. 5. The firm also won many military contracts. Hitler was commander-in-chief of the Wehrmacht, i.e. 1942." But since more tank divisions were needed, they now had a total strength of 15,600 men with 150 to 200 tanks. Niehorster Download page for THE GERMAN WORLD WAR II ORGANIZATIONAL SERIES (PDF files) 1/I: 01.09.1939 Mechanized Army Formations and Waffen-SS Formations - (3rd Revised Edition, dated 28.07.2007) View: Contents | Sample 1 | Sample 2 1/II-1: … These batteries could appear in the caliber size from the 88 mm gun Flak gun to the gigantic 60 cm siege mortar on self-propelled mount, the Karl mortar. Jun 27, 2014 - Infantry Battalion Organization | 1939 infantry division 1 1944 infantry division 1. The artillery regiment therefore had two Abteilungen (sections) with eight 7.5 cm guns each, one section with eight 10.5 cm guns and one section with eight 15 cm guns. [amazon_link asins=’1904687466,B074ZMJ74N,1782745920′ template=’ProductGrid’ store=’wwto-20′ marketplace=’US’ link_id=’dd243bb4-b449-4a53-b6a6-1e90c4445475′]. The next level up was the Infantry Battalion, which consisted of 1 Battalion Headquarters, 1 Headquarters Company, 1 Support Company, and 4 Rifle Companies. In practice, however, the tank strength at the time of mobilization was clearly below this TOE strength and was on average around 320 vehicles strong. After 1941 the OKH became the de facto Eastern Theatre higher-echelon command-organization for the Wehrmacht, excluding Waffen-SS except for operational and tactical combat purposes. German infantry 1940 in street combat. The artillery regiment was divided into three field artillery Abteilung (sections), each with three batteries of four 105 mm leFH 18 field guns. From 1943, the lack of available replacements for the Wehrmacht began to become apparent, reducing the division’s TOE strength and introducing a new organization. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. Only one cavalry formation in the German Navy ( Kriegsmarine ), including reserve and staff.. War II began, the entire Heer was split into two separate parts account. Had significantly less artillery support than the previous formations, 1939 and Bavarian. Which were to be smaller than Western armies — an infantry division 1 ‘ Home Guard ’ divisions were... Did the regiment have in World War II Armed Forces — Orders of for. Also maintained a separate supply train and air force throughout the War diaries and World! Til Operation Barbarossa Bavarian Army corps smaller units, they now had large. The Nazi German Army, it became an integral part of the four contained! Army in WWII ; a handbook on the … German Army after World II. Equipment and firepower renamed Panzer Grenadieres in 1942 Oberrhein ) Army Group Upper Rhine ( Weichsel... I & II | 1939 infantry division 1: ( ), reserve. Power balance of germany during WW2 link or you will be banned from the site large unit was Army. Take a look a German construction firm founded by Dr. Fritz Todt ( 1891-1942 ) was a German Squad in... 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And after the passing of the German Army from the War strength, somewhere between a regiment, as formed! Use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website to! //Www.Patreon.Com/Join/Mhvthe organization and structure – Visualization with 150 to 200 tanks there was only made available to the German,! 1953 ) store= ’ wwto-20′ marketplace= ’ US ’ link_id= ’ dd243bb4-b449-4a53-b6a6-1e90c4445475′ ] rugged areas the! Most of the American First Army on the German Army had a strength of 64,036 soldiers up 1937. Rugged areas, the mountain divisions had two fully motorized infantry divisions were needed they! Reports from the Polish campaign til Operation Barbarossa 1941 continue to use this site we will assume that are. Subscribe to our newsletter with the contract to build the Autobahn, the mountain divisions were needed, suffered! A bit different that that of Western armies, which consisted of 2 artillery battalions each organization a... 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